The following FAQs came from members in other pre-92 branches and the answers were provided by UCU national pensions official Christine Haswell.
1. What effects would the proposed changes to the USS pension have for early career academics?
Early career staff will be the most affected by the changes as they have less built up in the current scheme. They are also more likely to be on less secure contracts. Whatever anyone has built up in the current scheme up to April 2019 will be protected however, going forward under the current UUK proposals they will have no further benefits built up in defined benefit (annual pension linked to salary and service) but will be built up in defined contribution (what you pay is defined but outcome dependent on stock market) which will be a cash sum from which you would have to drawdown until it ran out or buy an annuity (pension) which is very expensive.
2. How do the proposed changes compare to what is happening to pension systems in the private sector, where investment funds are a common pension vehicle even for third sector employers?
Very like private sector pensions in that the build-up is in defined contribution but the death in service and ill health will continue to be defined benefit.
3. Do we know in what kinds of investments our pensions will be held in, if the changes go ahead, and do employees have any control over these investments?
Thousands of members already build up a defined contribution pot in USS either as an extra and by taking the ‘match’ as a way of getting an extra one percent from employers or if they earn over £55,500 and all salary over that is pensioned as defined contribution. Currently there are 6 choices for members 2 lifestyles (one ethical) and one other ethical but this would expand.
4. I was wondering if it were possible for USS members to have their contributions paid into TPS. If not now, in the future?
This is an idea we would be happy to explore but it’s not under discussion at the moment.
5. Has the Union produced detailed data of the potential impact on members at different stages of their career i.e. 25, 35, mid-career and say two to three years before intended retiring date?
The First Actuarial report shows the impact on 12 hypothetical members at different career stages: http://www.ucu.org.uk/media/8916/TPS–USS-no-DB-comparison-First-Actuarial-29-Nov-17/pdf/firstacturial_ussvtps_nodb_29nov17.pdf?utm_source=lyr-ucu-members&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=members&utm_term=uss-all&utm_content=Your+pension+under+attack